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3D Printing Legal Issues

For 3D models of objects that implement patented solutions, it is not clear whether patent protection extends to these models. On the one hand, Chapter 72 of the RF Civil Code talks about ways to use patented solutions related to their implementation in a product or article, but 3D models are not products or articles. On the other hand, a 3D model that actually contains information about a patented solution is exactly what allows anyone to make a product or item in the development of 3D printing very easily. The free distribution of such models, including via the Internet, will therefore clearly run counter to the interests of patent holders. However, the main question is how to ensure that objects printed on a printer are safe, reduce the risk of printing prohibited or restricted items, while not hindering the development and spread of 3D printing technology. It is important to note that PoC 3D printing raises a question about the compliance obligations between the traditional manufacturer and the healthcare facility where the device is manufactured. From the federal agency`s perspective, the key is to determine whether PoC 3D printed devices are safe and effective. It therefore uses the same concept as printing ink on paper, hence its name. The machines themselves are expensive, but the idea is that as they evolve, they become a cheaper, highly adapted and refined form of manufacturing in a way that current forms of manufacturing are not. A 3D printer has even been developed that can print another 3D printer. The potential benefits of 3D printing are numerous for innovation-intensive companies.

In particular, 3D printing allows them to reduce their overhead costs in developing, designing and testing new products or improving existing ones. You no longer have to pay for expensive prototypes, but you can quickly and cost-effectively complete multiple iterations of complex elements with in-house 3D printers. With all the changes that 3D printing can herald, it has also raised legal issues that didn`t exist before. Copyright protection of 3D digital models is just the tip of the iceberg. The issues of data protection and product liability are even more complex. If the intellectual property of third parties has been used in the creation of a 3D model, the use and distribution of the 3D models themselves and the printing of objects on a 3D printer in most cases infringe the rights of third parties. Let`s take a look at some important topics. The medical field has proven to be one of the most prolific users of 3D printing, often touting how it has revolutionized the design and manufacture of custom prosthetics and implants. By integrating 3D scans of real body parts with 3D modeling, splints and prostheses can be designed to be anatomically very accurate. 3D printing poses a real threat to intellectual property owners 3D printing technology is evolving at a breathtaking pace, with applications in fields ranging from food and fashion to regenerative medicine and prosthetics. Copyright is a legal right of the author of an original work. This right arises immediately after the creation of an original and tangible work.

There is no need to register a work with the U.S. Copyright Office. However, it does provide additional legal protection and tools to enforce copyright. For example, designer Ulrich Schwanitz created a 3D model of the famous Penrose Triangle and first sold it and then published it as a free download on the Shapeways website. Later, when he saw his model on Thingiverse`s website, Schwanitz sent that website a request for a stop and forbearance of copyright infringement. The website has voluntarily removed mode3. However, if the case had been brought before a court, the court would probably not have ruled in Schwanitz`s favor. In the case of Schwanitz considered here, the feasibility of legal protection of a 3D model is quite controversial, as there was an intellectual, but probably not creative, contribution to the development of the model. In an innovative response to the growing trend of 3D printing, Hasbro announced in 2014 a partnership with 3D printing market Shapeways to enable My Little Pony fans to freely create fan art with 3D printers. This unique strategy allowed Hasbro to retain control of its copyrights and find a compromise for fans.

Medical device manufacturers who work with healthcare providers to develop 3D printed medical devices face legal and compliance hurdles, according to Harsh P. Parikh, a partner at Nixon Peabody, and Meghna Vink, an attorney at Carbon Health. Continued innovation will face challenges as regulators struggle to balance innovation and consumer safety, they say. In the UK, the manufacture of weapons and weapon parts is prohibited by the Firearms Act 1968, which by definition will also include 3D printed weapons. In 2019, The Guardian reported that a British student was convicted of making a 3D printed pistol, despite allegations that the weapon was designed as a film accessory. In the United States, it is illegal to manufacture a firearm that cannot be detected with a metal detector, under the Undetectable Firearms Act, so legal designs must include metal plates in printed bodies. Some policymakers are now fighting to prevent the online spread of online gun designs. Copyright infringement refers to the unauthorized reproduction, reproduction, distribution or creation of a derivative work of an original work. Thanks to advanced 3D printing technology, anyone can scan a copyrighted work and reproduce that original work. If an object is scanned and printed on a 3D printer without the permission of the original owner, this may constitute copyright infringement. At one end of the spectrum, traditional manufacturers can create 3D printing medical device production systems (MDPS) for use in healthcare facilities, in which case the manufacturer assumes full responsibility for FDA compliance. One way or another, digital models of manufactured goods have been used in industrial processes since the years 19602.

However, with the proliferation of 3D printing technologies that also allow the ordinary user to make products at home, the value and importance of 3D models as objects independent of civil commerce is increasing. Therefore, the question of their legal protection is also becoming more relevant. What is the legal status of a 3D model under current Russian law? There may be several answers to this question, depending on the following key circumstances: The 3D printing process begins with a digital file in which the object to be printed is digitally formatted using 3D printing software or a 3D scanner.