Age Legal Pour Acheter Du Tabac En France
Finally, in 1992, the United States Congress tightened its legislation prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors, including by making the granting of federal aid conditional on the efforts of local authorities to enable its effective implementation (“Synar Amendment”). Raising the minimum age to buy cigarettes each year to eradicate them by 2030 is the radical recommendation of a report presented to the UK government and published yesterday, as smoking among teenagers has increased during the pandemic. This report, commissioned by the Ministry of Health to achieve this goal, proposes such an increase in the legal age for the purchase of tobacco products, which is currently set at 18 until finally no one can buy them in the country. New Zealand embarked on this path when it announced in December that it would gradually ban the sale of tobacco by increasing the age at which it can be purchased from 2027. The UK report also recommends promoting e-cigarettes to help smokers quit, improve prevention and increase the budget for anti-smoking measures by an additional €146 million per year. “To truly achieve a tobacco-free society in our fantastic country, we need to commit to making smoking obsolete once and for all,” said Dr. Javed Khan, who led the study. The report points out that “despite progress in reducing smoking rates to the lowest levels ever recorded through measures such as banning indoor smoking, tobacco remains one of the main drivers of health inequalities.” Nearly six million people smoke in England out of a population of around 56 million. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the proportion of young adult smokers aged 18 to 24 increased from 1 to 4 to 1 in 3. As a general rule, 16 years is the age limit for the application of such restrictions or prohibitions. Only Finland and Sweden have raised this age to 18 (see table below).
– on the one hand, foreign legislation prohibiting the sale of tobacco to minors; – and, on the other hand, the measures that have already been taken in our country to ensure the protection of minors against alcoholism. In 2003, the Remedies Act prohibited the sale of tobacco products to minors under the age of 16. This programme was extended to children under the age of 18 in July 2009. Application procedures were strengthened in 2016 to facilitate systematic age control by the tobacconist, who must request identification if he has doubts about the age of his client. “The vast majority of tobacconists do not respect the ban on selling to minors. An anarchic profession whose practices persist due to the inaction of the public authorities in terms of control and sanctions. We made these words in our columns in May 2014, after having carried out a test in 20 tobacco shops in Rennes (35) and Brive (19) accompanied by teenagers of about fifteen years. Smoking is a pediatric epidemic. In fact, most people between the ages of 13 and 14 start smoking their first cigarette and very quickly become addicted to tobacco products without necessarily realizing it. Failure to comply with this prohibition exposes the seller to the fine provided for 4th class offences, unless it is proved that he has been misled about the age of the minor.
The sale of electronic cigarettes is also affected by this prohibition of sale to children under 18 years of age (Article L. 3511-2-1 of the Health Act). Bans or restrictions on the sale of tobacco to minors in the European Union These data come from a survey by the National Committee against Smoking (CNCT). They confirm the results of previous surveys on this subject. However, since 2003, it has been prohibited to sell tobacco to minors under the age of 16; This ban was extended to all minors in 2010. In Canada, a 1997 federal law “regulating the manufacture, sale, labelling and advertising of tobacco products” provides in section 8 that it is prohibited to supply tobacco products to a young person under the age of eighteen “in public places or in places to which the public normally has access.” Failure to comply with this prohibition exposes the seller to a fine for 4th class offences (€135 flat-rate – maximum €750). Checks would still have to be carried out! “This is the crux of the problem, according to Yves Martinet, tobacco trader and president of the CNCT: by not ensuring the application of the law, it is currently not effective and cannot be.” These prohibitions are provided for in Article L. 3342-3 of the Public Health Code. In any case, the accused may avoid conviction if he proves that he has been misled as to the age of the minor, the quality or age of the accompanying person or the condition of the patient.
One of the most effective measures to reduce young people`s access to tobacco products is to set a minimum age for sale. The WHO Treaty, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, provides for a specific article on the subject. The effectiveness of this measure depends on its full implementation and therefore on its effectiveness. Worldwide, where there is legislation in this area, the minimum age for the purchase of cigarettes or other tobacco and nicotine products is between 16 and 25 years (Sri Lanka). 22 countries declare that they do not have a minimum age of sale. As countries try to limit the devastating consequences of smoking among young people, the minimum age for selling tobacco is raised to 21. The Tobacco 21 Act is spreading more and more around the world and in particular in the United States, where more and more states are taking this step. (Source: Report of the Working Group on the Prohibition of the Sale of Tobacco to Minors Under 16 Years of Age)  cnct.fr/actualites/linterdiction-de-vente-de-tabac-aux-mineurs-une-mesure-largement-inappliquee/  Article 16 of the FCTC www.generationsanstabac.org/application-de-la-cclat-par-les-parties/ Buying tobacco before adulthood is still very easy in France.
Two out of three tobacconists sell them to minors aged 17 and nearly one in ten to 12. In France, this provision was adopted in 2003 for children under 16 years of age and extended to all minors in 2009. Application procedures were further strengthened in 2016 to facilitate systematic age control by the tobacconist, who must require identification.