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Also Known as Legal Terms

A legal process to address individual and corporate debt issues; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of Title 11 of the United States Code (the Bankruptcy Code). Complete disability. A work-related injury that results in a complete loss of profitability. In a workers` compensation case, it may also be the term used to describe the compensation paid when an injured employee is completely affected due to a work-related injury. Overall disability rate benefits usually account for two-thirds of wages up to a maximum rate of pay. The numerical designation assigned to each case by a court; also known as a case number. the regulator of all lawyers and paralegals in Ontario. The CEWS decides who is authorized to act as a lawyer, sets rules for those who work as lawyers, helps the public find legal services, and works to improve the profession. A legal system that instructs the competent official to execute a judgment, judgment or decree. A government agency that provides legal aid certificates and funds legal clinics across the province to provide access to lawyers for those who cannot afford a lawyer.

Plenipotentiary. An individual (who is not necessarily a lawyer) who has been authorized by another person to act in his or her place, either for a specific purpose, to perform a specific act, or for the conduct of business in general, which is not of a legal nature. This authority is conferred by a written document called a power of attorney or, more commonly, a power of attorney. the party (person or organization) files a complaint with the court and initiates non-criminal proceedings. The minutes of the proceedings and the legal documents drawn up by the applicant and submitted to the Court of Appeal. The official indictment of a grand jury stating that there is sufficient evidence that the accused committed the crime to warrant a trial; It is mainly used for crime. See also Information. Bail – guarantee for the release of a criminal accused or a witness from pre-trial detention (usually in the form of money) in order to guarantee his appearance on the day and time fixed. Causality. The act by which an effect is created.

See also “legal cause” and “immediate cause”. The declaration of legal rights that must be given to a person arrested or suspected of a criminal offense before he can be questioned by judicial officers. Ranking. Send or give a document to an employer or government agency as part of a legal proceeding. The filing date is the date on which the document was received. Negligence that is not directly attributable to a person. It is the negligence of another person who has a legal relationship with him or her and for whom he or she is responsible for the negligence of an agent or employee, such as an employer. Organization for the Preservation of Health (HMO). A type of managed health care system that contracts with medical institutions, physicians, employers, and sometimes individuals to provide medical care to a group of people called “members.” In general, HMO members do not have significant “expenses” because medical care is most often paid for by an employer at a fixed price per patient. A formal accusation by a government lawyer that the accused committed a misdemeanor. See also Indictment. Regulations are a set of legal rules that can be passed under a statute.

They may be more specific than the general law and are generally easier to pass and amend than a law. (see definition of “Statutes” below) A written statement filed as part of a court or appeal process that explains the legal and factual arguments of a page. Ad Litem. Latin term for disputes. For example, an ad litem guardian is a person appointed by the court to protect the interests of a minor or a person legally incompetent in a legal dispute. The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area for which the court has jurisdiction to rule on cases.

The separation of a man and a woman effected by the judgment or adoption of a court that either completely dissolves the marriage or suspends its effects to the extent that it concerns the cohabitation of the parties. A crime that can be punished with a year in prison or less. See also Crimes. The act or practice of lending money at an exorbitant or illegal interest rate. Opposition procedure. Legal proceedings involving parties with conflicting interests, where one of the parties requests an appeal and the other is against it. To have to. In cases of negligence, a “duty” is a duty to comply with a particular standard of care.

In the event of non-compliance, there is a risk that the actor will be liable to another to whom an obligation is owed, for damages caused by the other, for which the actor`s conduct is a legal cause. See the doctrine of the reasonable man. The act of the client by hiring a lawyer or lawyer, which also refers to the fees that the client pays when the lawyer is hired to act on his behalf. Abbreviation of “also known as” when someone uses other initials, a nickname, the name of a girl or husband. Example: Harold G. Snodgrass, aka Harry Snodgrass, aka H. G. Snodgrass, aka “Snuffy the Snod”. Action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant on the basis of a claim that the defendant had failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff.

Family and Sick Leave Act (FMLA). A federal law that causes serious health problems for some workers or those who have to care for a child or other family member up to 12 weeks of unpaid and protected leave per year. It also requires that the health benefits of the group be preserved. In a legal framework, such as: a court or a supervisory authority, the decision-maker is a person or body of persons who decides on the outcome of a claim or dispute, taking into account the applicable law and the facts and interests affecting one or more parties to the case. A judge, a justice of the peace, an arbitrator and an arbitrator are all decision-makers. Guard. A person who is legally responsible for the care and management of the person or property of an incompetent person or minor. With regard to civil actions in “justice” and not in “law”. In English legal history, courts could order the payment of damages and could not afford any other remedy (see Damages).

A separate “justice” court might ask someone to do something or stop doing something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is still important. For example, a jury trial is usually available in “legal cases,” but not in “equity cases.” Decree. Statement of the court announcing the legal consequences of the established facts. See also Order, Judgment. Check in. The official collection of all documents submitted to a court in a court case. A prosecution based on private injustice, as opposed to a crime, or to enforce rights through private or non-criminal remedies. All judicial proceedings that are not criminal proceedings are civil actions. Contract. A legally enforceable agreement between two or more competent parties, concluded orally or in writing.

Burden of proof. Also known as “Standard of Proof”. Degree of proof required in a particular type of case to prevail. In most civil cases, this is evidence by a preponderance of evidence. a court case in which one or more issues are decided by a decision-maker. A hearing usually refers to part of a complete process when considering a specific part of the case or issue. A hearing may also refer to judicial proceedings before other decision-making bodies such as arbitral tribunals or arbitral tribunals (where an arbitrator is the arbitrator). Parties to a hearing may appear in person before the decision-maker, or some hearings may be based solely on written documents provided by the parties. Plaintiff. The party complaining or suing; the one who appeals to the court. Also called applicant. The court`s investigation to determine if there is a legal reason why the sentence should not be imposed.

Jurisdiction. The legal right by which judges exercise their authority. A collective term for all of a person`s property, including real and personal property and other legal rights. another word for lawyer, but not usually used in Canada, except in a particular title, as Attorney General of Ontario, who is the chief legal counsel to the Government of Ontario and a member of Cabinet who oversees the province`s judicial system. Action. In the legal sense, a formal complaint or a lawsuit before a court. a legal procedure used to try to resolve a dispute. The parties elect an independent person, called a mediator, to help them resolve their disagreements on legal issues. Both parties must agree on the outcome.

The mediator does not decide or force a solution. Mediation can be used to resolve family law disputes such as custody and money issues, but it is not always a good procedure if there has been bullying or abuse between partners. Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to make a debtor`s future salary dependent on its claim. In other words, the creditor seeks to have part of the debtor`s future salary paid to the creditor for a debt owed to the creditor. an impartial decision-maker appointed by the government who directs judicial proceedings on more limited matters than a judge.