Music Rules for Figure Skating
The New York Times previously reported that there had been several attempts to overturn the rule in the past, but it took years for the ISU to approve the change by a two-thirds majority, driven in part by low ratings and declining children`s interest in the sport. Let`s face it: the majority of children do not listen to Tchaikovsky by chance – music with popular lyrics and songs makes the sport more accessible to a younger audience. Perhaps the most famous music choice of all the Winter Olympics at the Winter Olympics went to the 14th Winter Olympics. In Beijing, the Olympic figure skating program is underway, music raises some questions. Do athletes have the right to choose what they want? It`s not uncommon for skaters to change music or choreography in the middle of an Olympic season when they feel a program doesn`t reflect their best work. Karen Chen, who finished 11th at the 2018 Olympics, first chose Ennio Morricone`s “La Cena” for her short program this season. She says she had a connection to the “beautifully dark” piece, but after racing in a few competitions there, she felt it negatively affected her performance. Music is not freeAs the New York Times reports, artists receive royalties funded by the usual royalties that broadcasters pay for the use of music. For a live event like the Olympics, no additional permission is required to use the song, as it is covered by general performing rights that allow its use in a commercial and public setting.
It works a little differently than, say, when a Beyoncé song is used on a TV show. Then, permission to use the song must be arranged in advance and the fee for a so-called synchronization license must be negotiated. While it appears that many figure skaters are taking advantage of this new allowance, the decision was met with mixed opinions among the public when it was presented. Despite its large crowd at the Winter Olympics, figure skating has started to lose crowds in recent years. Many hoped that the inclusion of texts in routines would generate increased public interest. Katia Krier, coach of France`s figure skating team, told The New York Times in 2014 that she saw the change as an inclusive way to appeal to a wider audience. “We need to innovate,” she said. “Our sport is already losing spectators, but we need to make people want to see us.” On the other hand, there were concerns that the increased use of lyrical music would deter the already established fan base. Figure skating coach Kori Ade also spoke to the NYT about her thoughts on the new rule, saying, “I think there`s something so royal about skating that might not make the top 40. I`m afraid people will try wrong. If producers want to include copyrighted songs in filmed programs such as TV shows or movies, they must purchase a dubbing license or a “sync license,” which essentially allows them to sync the music with their own video footage. As the New York Times reports, sync royalties can sometimes be prohibitive if the song comes from a superstar of Elton John`s level. There is also no mention of restrictions on original music, before Adam Rippon skated to Rihanna`s “Diamonds” in Japan last year, he sang a cover of the song.
Rippon had planned to skate to a recorded version of his Olympic revival this year, but ultimately decided not to. Since his Olympic debut at the London Games in 1908, figure skating rules allowed only the use of classical and non-lyrical music (with the exception of ice dancing) – think of Vivaldi`s “Four Seasons, Autumn,” Beethoven`s “Moonlight Sonata” and Bizet`s “Carmen.” HENDRICKS: He`s one of the best skaters who has ever walked this earth. He has a rock star braggart. In Japan, he`s a rock star. In Japan, he`s as big as Steph Curry here. He`s just an absolute star. The way he brings the spins, you can see Prince`s music on the ice when you see Yuzuru Hanyu skating. In Beijing, viewers will see how competitors around the world also use music with lyrics. Medallists Alexandra Trsova of Russia and Kaori Sakamoto of Japan, as well as many other athletes, will include lyrical songs in their programme for the upcoming Winter Games. The music selection process involves a lot of trial and error, but in the end, a crucial decision has to be made. Much of figure skating at the Winter Olympics is the music that skaters dance to during routines.
As IPWatchdog explains, many musicians and music publishers outsource licenses for their entire catalogs to public rights organizations (PROs) such as Broadcasting Music Inc. (BMI) and the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP). Broadcasters, venues and other music broadcasting establishments can then purchase a general licence granting them public performance rights for each song under the jurisdiction of the PRO. Lump sum fees are not universal; They depend on audience size relative to frequency, and licensees are often expected to track their use of music so that PRAs can determine artist royalties. Rule change now allows figure skaters to use music with lyrics The International Skating Union (ISU) decision to allow music with lyrics was made in 2012, but the change didn`t come into effect until after the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. The new rules now allow individual skaters and couples to use music with lyrics and vocals in their programs – in the past, this resulted in automatic point deduction. Even though the music had no lyrics but contained vocals, the skaters were still punished. Despite the change, classical music and soundtracks are still the most popular choice among figure skaters, a Wall Street Journal analysis showed that classical music and soundtracks are still the top choice of American competitors. Ma seems to believe that a possible negative reaction from the jury could play a role in his continued penchant for old hits, tweeting that his music selection was “too intense for the judges.” However, the use of classical music in the current season has increased from 47% in the 2009-2010 season to 25%. The rock and pop selection among American skaters has continued to grow, with more than 20 songs used this season. At this year`s Olympic Games, the Canadian team selected the most rock and pop songs. Skaters also often switch between genres for their performances, sometimes to a classic number in the long program, and then to a more upbeat song in their short program.